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Resource: Salmon News Summary – for January 27, 2016

. Posted by Trish Hall on

SALMON NEWS: CANADA

Stakeholders say memos show DFO ‘misled’ public over fishery closure

(Pique Magazine, Jan 27 2016)

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VANCOUVER- Internal memos acquired through an Access to Information request suggest that Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) misinformed the public over the sudden closure of a commercial fishery in Squamish this summer, the Watershed Watch Salmon Society claims. “The media, the public, stakeholders, everybody had been purposefully misled by the DFO,” said Watershed Watch executive director Aaron Hill. A pink salmon fishery was scheduled to run on Howe Sound from Aug. 10 to 15 but was abruptly shut down after just over two days. DFO said the fishery was ended because there wasn’t “the abundance of fish” originally expected, despite prior warnings from local anglers of a weak pink salmon run. But, according to communications obtained by Watershed Watch, it was closed as a result of violations of the prescribed fishing boundaries and overfishing by commercial vessels.

 

Powerful northern B.C. coalition inks pact to save Skeena River from LNG plant

(Canadian Press, Jan 27 2016)

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PRINCE RUPERT, B.C. – A declaration to protect what environmentalists say is crucial salmon habitat in northwestern British Columbia could be the latest hurdle for development of a liquefied natural gas plant near Prince Rupert. A coalition of indigenous leaders, politicians and others has signed a declaration to permanently protect Lelu Island and the nearby Flora Bank from industrial development. The region at the mouth of the Skeena River, is considered vital to the ecosystem of B.C.’s second-largest salmon-bearing waterway.

 

Archeology student publishes paper on ancient, industrial-scale First Nations fishery

(Vancouver Sun, January 26, 2016)

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VANCOUVER ISLAND- England’s monarchs were sacrificing to Woden and persecuting Christian missionaries when First Nations managed a vast, highly-productive, industrial-scale fish harvesting complex in the estuary of the Courtenay River. At first, the elaborate arrangement of 300 ingenious traps on the sandy flats of the river mouth harvested herring, which still mass to spawn off the east coast of Vancouver Island every March. But 700 years ago, perhaps in response to climate change, the technology was altered to exploit pink, chum, coho, chinook and possibly sockeye salmon.

 

Fishing lodge fined $15K

(Haida Gwaii Observer, January 21, 2016)

MASSET- The owners of a Masset fishing lodge were recently fined $15,000 for breaking fishing regulations. Naden Lodge offers trophy salmon and halibut fishing, and operates a fleet of five boats as well as a six-bedroom lodge in Masset. The company was convicted on Dec. 3 for two Fisheries Act violations — exceeding a possession limit and selling fish not covered by a commercial licence.

 

Wildlife federation wants ban on keeping salmon revisited

(CBC, January 22, 2016)

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NEW BRUNSWICK- The New Brunswick Wildlife Federation is calling for anglers in New Brunswick to again be allowed to keep some salmon caught on provincial rivers. Mandatory hook-and-release fishing on all rivers in the Maritimes was ordered by Fisheries and Oceans Canada for 2015 in response to historic low salmon returns.

 

Eco-tourism worth billions trumps value of Kinder Morgan project, new report

(National Observer, January 22, 2016)

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VANCOUVER- A new report tears into the Kinder Morgan’s Trans Mountain pipeline extension application, saying the company’s environmental assessments show a lack of scientific rigour and unsubstantiated assumptions surrounding the fate, behaviour and toxicity of diluted bitumen. “Their conclusions are fraught with an unacceptable degree of uncertainty, are not supported by the scientific literature, and often not supported by their own information,” asserts the executive summary of the report from the British Columbia-based Raincoast Conservation Foundation.

 

‘The Blob’ Disrupts What We Think We Know About Climate Change

(Desmog, January 23, 2016)

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VICTORIA- Deep in the northeast Pacific Ocean, The Blob is acting strangely. When the abnormally warm patch of water first appeared in 2013, fascinated scientists watched disrupted weather patterns, from drought in California to almost snowless winters in Alaska and record cold winters in the northeast. The anomalously warm water, with temperatures three degrees Centigrade above normal, was nicknamed The Blob by U.S climatologist Nick Bond. It stretched over one million square kilometres of the Gulf of Alaska — more than the surface area of B.C. and Alberta combined — stretching down 100-metres into the ocean.

 

Seals blamed for drop in juvenile salmon stocks in Strait of Georgia: study

(Vancouver Sun, January 24, 2016)

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VANCOUVER — A bountiful population of harbour seals is a prime suspect in the decline of coho and chinook in the Strait of Georgia, according to a new study. “This is really the first study of its kind,” said Ben Nelson, a PhD student in the Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries at the University of British Columbia. “Harbour seals are having a pretty important impact on the productivity and marine survival of these two very important species of salmon.”

 

Trudeau should turn his focus to aboriginal fishing-rights court case

(Globe and Mail, January 24, 2016)

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VANCOUVER- It is one thing for Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to promise his government will have a new, respectful relationship with First Nations, but delivering, when you inherit a bureaucracy entrenched in its policies, is something else again.

 

Fishermen’s union takes fight to Minister Tootoo

(Northern View, January 22, 2016)

PRINCE RUPERT- The United Fishermen and Allied Workers’ Union is hoping residents of Prince Rupert can dust off their pens, stamps and notebooks and put them to good use in the coming days. The union (UFAWU-Unifor) was hard at work last fall, rallying North Coast MLA Jennifer Rice, Skeena-Bulkley Valley MP Nathan Cullen, the City of Prince Rupert and the District of Port Edward to support them after Canadian Fishing Company (Canfisco), a division of the Jim Pattison Group announced the closure of salmon canning operations at its Oceanside Plant.

 

More eagles flocking to Fraser delta for winter

(Georgia Straight, January 25, 2016)

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FRASER RIVER- For a bird that was once on the U.S. endangered-species list, the bald eagle has made a remarkable comeback. It is now so common in the Lower Mainland that even the most urban of city dwellers cannot fail to spot one.

 

 

OPINION

At Northern Salmon Summit, a Declaration: Cancel LNG or Else

(The Tyee, January 23, 2016)

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PRINCE RUPERT- While a growing rift between pro- and anti-development First Nations on the north coast of British Columbia served as a muted drumbeat of concern at the Salmon Nation Summit that kicked off yesterday in Prince Rupert, almost 300 people packed into a hotel ballroom here to put down a challenge to the federal and provincial governments with one voice: Cancel the Petronas LNG proposal or the Skeena people will kill it for you.

 

Site C: Too risky to rely on one river system for B.C.’s hydro needs

(Vancouver Sun, Jan 27 2016)

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VANCOUVER- In the face of a prolonged drought, water levels at Lake Mead, the giant reservoir that straddles the Nevada and Arizona borders, are lower than at any point since the Hoover Dam was built in the 1930s.

For residents in California, Nevada, Arizona and northern Mexico, a crisis looms. What alternative drinking water sources are there for millions of people? How many farms may fail? What will replace the “reliable” hydroelectric power that the Hoover and other dams once produced? You might not expect it, but even here in rainy B.C., we may soon face similar questions.

 

Greenpeace tests find toxic chemicals in outdoor gear

(VancouverSun, Jan 26 2016)

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Is your adventure gear making you sick? Greenpeace is worried that a persistent and potentially toxic class of waterproofing chemicals could be accumulating in your body and the environment while you enjoy the great outdoors. The international environmental group has released a new report on the levels of polyfluorinated compounds (PFCs) in jackets, sleeping bags and footwear as part of its Detox My Fashion campaign to eliminate the use of hazardous chemicals from clothing production.

 

 

ENVIRONMENTAL NEWS

Canada imposes further delays on two major pipeline projects

(Reuters Canada, January 27, 2016)

Canada's Environment Minister McKenna and Natural Resources Minister Carr take part in a news conference in Ottawa

OTTAWA- Canada announced new interim rules on Wednesday for environmental reviews that will impose delays on two projects – TransCanada Corp’s Energy East pipeline and Kinder Morgan Inc’s expansion of its Trans Mountain Pipeline.

 

NHL defenceman Stoner guilty of illegal grizzly hunting

(Times Colonist, January 27, 2016)

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ABBOTSFORD, B.C. – National Hockey League defenceman Clayton Stoner has pleaded guilty to hunting without a licence in connection with a grizzly bear hunt on British Columbia’s central coast. Stoner, 30, who plays for the Anaheim Ducks, appeared in an Abbotsford, B.C., court on Wednesday to face one charge under the provincial Wildlife Act involving the hunt in B.C.’s Great Bear Rainforest in May 2013.

 

Proposed Canada pipeline project would threaten US tribal rights

(The Guardian, January 23, 2016)

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WASHINGTON- A proposed pipeline-expansion project in Canada will put the fishing rights and cultural heritage of US tribes at risk, a lawyer representing several Washington state tribes told Canadian energy regulators.

 

VIDEO: Rogue wave washes up on Washington coast

(CBC, January 21, 2016)

PACIFIC BEACH- A “rogue” wave inundated the coast near Pacific Beach in Washington this weekend — and it was all caught on camera. Luckily no one was caught in the water at the time, but what exactly caused the “mini tsunami”? Called rogue, freak or killer waves, this phenomenon has been a part of marine folklore for centuries. But rogue waves have only recently been accepted as an actual scientific event.

 

Eagles on the move

(Go Skagit, January 24, 2016)

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WASHINGTON- The bald eagles typically found this time of the year along the upper Skagit River are instead being seen in western Skagit County and along the Nooksack River in Whatcom County.

 

Petronas confirms capital spending reductions

(Business in Vancouver, January 22, 2016)

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MALAYSIA- Petronas, the Malaysian energy giant behind the multi-billion dollar Pacific NorthWest LNG project in Prince Rupert, may be planning a large workforce reduction and scaling back of capital projects.

 

Elwha Dam Removal Shows How Fish Contribute to Forest Health

(Anglers Club Magazine)

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WASHINGTON- Recreational fishermen and birders have one more reason to work together. A recent study completed by researchers at Ohio State, found here, looked at the health of a stream-loving bird, the dipper, before and after the removal of the Elwha River Dam on the Olympic Peninsula of Washington State. One of the most surprising findings was how quickly the presence of salmon on the other side of salmonthe dam changed the forest floor and the animals who lived there for the better.

 

Meet the wolves targeted in B.C.’s controversial kill

(National Observer, January 22, 2016)

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VANCOUVER- B.C.’s grey wolves are remarkable animals, able to cover a distance of more than 100 kilometres in a single day with their pack. They rule their territories — anywhere from 100 to 500 kilometres2 and marked with scat and urine — as one of Canada’s top predators. Now, some are apparently being targeted to be shot from helicopters as part of a controversial government effort to protect a dwindling caribou population.

 

Oil leaking from shipwreck threatens small Newfoundland community

(GlobalTV, Jan 20 2016)

NEWFOUNDLAND- Larry Hurley will never forget what he saw in 2013. The shorelines – the harbour – his community – coated with oil. “It was… frightful… because you knew what it was,” said Hurley, a commercial fisherman on Change Islands, a tiny community off the Northeast coast of Newfoundland…. DFO claims no oil has been detected in over a year. An in-depth technical assessment is planned for later this year, but as of now there are no plans to permanently remove the remaining oil.

 

B.C. ranchers protect 4,500 hectares of land from development

(CBC, January 21, 2016)

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WINDERMERE- A southeastern British Columbia ranch 11 times the size of Stanley Park has been protected from development by its owners. The Nature Conservancy of Canada says Bob and Barb Shaunessy have registered a covenant on their 4,500-hectare ranch located on the west side of Windermere Lake near Invermere, B.C.

 

Worried residents head to court over drinking water concerns in Shawnigan Lake

(Globe and Mail, January 22, 2016)

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VANCOUVER ISLAND- Since last May, trucks have been rolling into a site near Shawnigan Lake to unload cargo: soil dredged from a Port Moody property in the Lower Mainland. Under provincial regulations, the soil isn’t hazardous; if it were, it would have to be disposed of in a provincially approved hazardous waste facility. But it is “contaminated,” meaning the amount of, say, salt, lead or mercury it contains exceeds numerical standards set out in B.C. legislation.

 

UK rains broke river flow record and climate change is to blame

(New Scientist, January 15, 2016)

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UK- More water flowed out of UK rivers into the ocean during one day last month than ever before. As Storm Desmond drenched northern England on 5 December, rivers across the country discharged a third more water than the previous maximum, according to new data released by the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH). The news comes a day after a study found that unusually high rainfall was made between 50 and 75 per cent more likely by climate change.

 

Banned toxic chemical still putting whales at risk 30 years later

(Washington Post, January 15, 2016)

UK- Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been banned by a worldwide agreement since 1986, and were banned in some countries several years before that. But 30 years later, the toxic compound is still showing up in the wild. According to a study published Thursday in Scientific Reports, European striped and bottlenose dolphins and killer whales have some of the highest concentrations of PCBs in their blubber ever recorded worldwide. The researchers behind the study say that these concentrations are high enough to cause declines in population and make recovery from other ecological challenges more difficult.

 

DoD’s new climate change policy heats up roles across all components, services

(Federal News Radio, January 19, 2016)

USA- Despite the opinions of some, the Defense Department isn’t taking any chances when it comes to climate change. A new policy integrates climate change considerations into all aspects of the department.

 

The Deal That Brought the Colorado River Back to the Sea

(Yes Magazine, January 26, 2016)

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USA- For eight glorious weeks, from March 23 to May 18, 2014, the Colorado River flowed all the way to the Gulf of California, something it hasn’t done regularly since the 1930s. Minute 319, a 2012 amendment to the 1944 water treaty between Mexico and the United States, allowed water from the Morelos Dam to run through a 40-mile stretch of parched riverbed to the Colorado River Delta. Scientists designed a “pulse flow” to release 105,392 acre-feet of water to mimic spring floods and “base flows,” which will continue until the measure expires in 2017.

 

 

INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES

Overfishing is underreported, says a new UBC study

(Global News, January 19, 2016)

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VANCOUVER- A new study released in Nature Communications says that 30 per cent of the fish being caught worldwide is not reported. The study found the annual global catch to be roughly 109 million metric tons, about 30 per cent higher than the 77 million officially reported in 2010 by more than 200 countries and territories.

 

HSU studies to examine how Eel River dams impact salmon

(Times Standard News, January 8, 2016)

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USA- Amid an ongoing drought, a struggling salmon migration and a narrowly avoided water storage catastrophe at the Potter Valley Project, two studies by the Humboldt State University River Institute are seeking to determine whether dam releases to the Eel River could be managed more adequately for fish.

 

Japanese salmon population dwindling in areas hit by 2011 earthquake

(Chicago Tribune, January 20, 2016)

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JAPAN – The number of salmon returning to rivers in Iwate, Miyagi and Fukushima prefectures in Japan has decreased significantly since the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, tsunami and nuclear disaster.

 

Single king salmon worth far more than a barrel of oil these days

(Alaska Dispatch News, January 22, 2016)

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USA- With this year’s plunge in oil prices, a single chinook salmon is now worth more than a barrel of oil. The winter kings being caught by Southeast trollers are averaging 10 pounds each with a dock price of $7.34 a pound, according to state fish tickets. That adds up to $73 per fish, compared to about $30 for a barrel of oil.

 

 

Crabs safe after toxin scare; prices fall

(SF Gate, January 19, 2016)

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OREGON— A toxic algae bloom that shut down the West Coast’s entire shellfish industry may actually be good news for crab lovers, according to some crabbers.

The price for crabs has plummeted because people are hesitant to buy them after the highly-publicized toxin scare, reported The Oregonian. But the creatures are safe to eat.

 

 

2.57m Copper River sockeye for 2016

(Undercurrent News, January 25, 2016)

ALASKA- Alaska’s Copper River fishery will produce 2,570,000 sockeye in 2016, the state’s fishing regulator estimates, a decline from the 3.2 million sockeye predicted at the start of 2015. The initial estimates from the Alaska Department of Fish and Game (ADF&G) indicate that Copper River will have its sixth best sockeye season in the past 20 years.

 

Salmon Classic anglers find tough fishing in San Juan Islands

(Seattle Times, January 25, 2016)

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WASHINGTON- Inclement weather and not so good fishing summed up how the Roche Harbor Salmon Classic fared last Friday and Saturday (Jan. 22-23). In all 100 boats with 345 anglers caught 53 fish on Friday and 39 fish on Saturday. The weather was wet and windy leading up to registration on Thursday (Jan. 21), creating travel challenges for many of our fearless anglers, according to Debbie Sandwith at the Roche Harbor Market on northwest side of San Juan Island.

 

Sea star wasting disease among worst wildlife die-offs say scientists

(CBC, January 21, 2016)

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WASHINGTON- The sea star wasting disease that’s causing mysterious and dramatic die-offs on the Pacific coast is still killing the animals — and hitting a bigger range of species over a larger area than originally thought. Scientists investigating the disease in the U.S. and Canada met in Seattle, Wash. last week to share the latest findings on the phenomenon.

 

How to shelter mountain streams in a changing world

(High Country News, January 18, 2016)

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WASHINGTON- Can cold waters protect native fish from the worst of climate change? In the fall of 2015, Fredenberg and others completed a recovery plan. Environmental groups are already contesting it for being too weak, but Fredenberg believes that the cold-water refuge maps will focus the recovery on the places where it will prove most effective, giving bull trout the strongest chance of survival.

 

For a few Alaska fish, 1964 earthquake spurred rapid evolution

(Alaska Dispatch News, January 22, 2016)

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ALASKA- Species normally evolve gradually in a process that unfolds over thousands — sometimes millions — of years. But scientists say they have discovered an Alaska fish population that appears to have transformed in the last 50 years — a lightning-quick transformation, at least by evolutionary standards.

 

Carbon dioxide causing ‘intoxication’ of ocean fish sooner than expected

(Sydney Morning Herald, January 21, 2016)

AUSTRALIA- Ocean fish around the world risk becoming lost at sea if carbon dioxide concentrations in seawater continue to rise on current trajectories, a study from the University of NSW has found. The study, published in the journal Nature, is the first global analysis of the impact of rising carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels on natural variations in carbon dioxide concentrations in the world’s oceans.

 

Coast guard patrol ships’ issues lead to numerous warranty claims

(CBC, January 27, 2016)

HALIFAX-  New mid-shore patrol ships have been the subject of numerous warranty claims by the Canadian Coast Guard, including for faulty wiring, polluted water tanks, premature corrosion and a gearbox failure, which could endanger the safety of the crew, CBC News has learned. Nine of the ships — built at the Irving shipyard in Halifax at a cost of more than $200 million — have entered into service since 2012, two on each coast and five in the Great Lakes.

 

Alaska’s commercial fishing industry just had its first year with no deaths

(Alaska Dispatch News, January 16, 2016)

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ALASKA- For the first year-long period on record, from Oct. 1, 2014, through the end of September 2015, the Coast Guard recorded zero operations-related commercial fishing fatalities in Alaska, a milestone in an industry known for its “Deadliest Catch” persona.

 

Australian vessel sees 10% catch increase

(World Fishing & Aquaculture, January 25, 2016)

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AUSTRALIA- Shark Bay Seafoods of South Fremantle, Australia has recently installed a Notus Trawlmaster on its deep-water triple rig trawler, and the captain and fleet manager have reported an immediate payback for the system.

 

NT Government says no to super trawlers

(Fishing World, January 25, 2016)

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AUSTRALIA- Chief Minister Adam Giles has written to the Federal Government to make it clear that a “supertrawler” operation in waters off the Northern Territory would not be welcome. “I’ve expressed to the Minister for Agriculture and Water Resources, Barnaby Joyce, that the Northern Territory Government has serious concerns around the possibility of a supertrawler pillaging our waters,” Mr Giles said.

 

New measures for foreign tuna fishing vessel owners

(FIS, January 20, 2016)

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PERU – The Ministry of Production (Produce) has established the measures to be met by owners of tuna fishing vessels flying foreign flags, concerning the minimum in advance delivery of 30 per cent of their tuna catch.

 

 

AQUACULTURE

Land-based salmon farm nearing economic viability

(Times Colonist, January 26, 2016)

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VANCOUVER ISLAND- North America’s only land-based Atlantic salmon farm battled through technical and equipment issues in 2015, but the operators are edging close to covering production and overhead costs. The Kuterra land-raised Atlantic salmon farm — a commercial pilot project located near Port McNeill — has been forced to replace several substandard pumps, install additional oxygenation and carbon dioxide stripping capacity and repair a malfunctioning feeding system that overfed the fish by up to 75 kilograms a day.

 

Gibraltar group to invest €60m in world’s largest on-land salmon farm

(Undercurrent News, January 20, 2016)

SPAIN- Gibraltar-based Rodsel Group is planning an investment of €60 million from its “own resources” to build an on-land salmon farm in Zamora, Spain, an executive with the company told Undercurrent News.

 

Locally-grown salmon to grace Third Bistro tables

(Campbell River Mirror, January 26, 2016)

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VANCOUVER ISLAND- Professional Cook students at North Island College are getting a fresh start to the new year by introducing farm-raised salmon to the menu. For the first time, the Third Course Bistro at NIC’s Campbell River campus will serve locally-grown salmon to its patrons.

 

Podcast: Clayoquot Sound delegation takes fish farm fight to Norway

(Rabble, Jan 26 2016)

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VANCOUVER ISLAND- A delegation from Clayoquot Sound is heading to Norway, home of the fish farm giant Cermaq, with a message about the damage being done to B.C.’s coastal ecosystem. Bonnie Glambeck is a long-time environmentalist in the Clayoquot Sound area. She speaks with Redeye host Esther Hsieh.

 

Prince Faisal to open forum on aquaculture investment

(Arab News, January 27, 2016)

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RIYADH- Madinah Gov. Prince Faisal bin Salman will open the first Saudi Aquaculture Investment Forum in Yanbu on Jan. 28. According to Yanbu Gov. Musaad Yahya Al-Sulaim, the forum has been organized by the Ministry of Agriculture in collaboration with the Yanbu governorate.

 

Salmon exports plummet as demand increases

(The National, January 23, 2016)

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SCOTLAND- Calls have been made for an increase in fish farms in Scotland to keep up with growing export demand for Scottish salmon as sales plummet by more than one fifth, losing the industry around £100 million. Scottish Salmon Producers’ Organisation (SSPO) insisted there were not enough sites in Scotland to keep up with the year-round demand for large fish from its biggest export markets in the USA and China.

 

Can farmed tuna save the bluefin from extinction?

(Japan Times, January 23, 2016)

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JAPAN- In 1970, a research team at Kinki University’s Fisheries Laboratory in Wakayama Prefecture was handed what was believed to be an impossible task — to create technology that would support the fully-closed life-cycle aquaculture of bluefin tuna. Joining a number of rival domestic universities and organizations as part of a government-backed project, Kinki University was given just three years to succeed. In reality, however, it took more than three decades to complete its objective.

 

Royal Caribbean to up use of MSC, ASC seafood as part of WWF partnership

(Undercurrent News, January 26, 2016)

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USA- Royal Caribbean Cruises plans to up the amount of seafood it uses from MSC and ASC certified sources, as part of a five-year partnership with the World Wild Fund for Nature (WWF).